Early morning in a jungle camp where IDPs hide from Indonesian forces. People living here fled from Kiwi, Pegunungan Bintang regency, West Papua. Alut Bakon is one of the jungle areas where Internally Displaced People have taken refuge. There is no education and no health service and there is no access for humanitarian organisations or support. On 16 September 2021 the village was attacked by air by Indonesian forces destroying and damaging many houses and public buildings including a clinic and church. People from the village fled into the surrounding jungles. According to eyewitnesses, three people returning to the village have been shot dead by Indonesian sniper fire from Kiwirok since the attack in September 2021. The villagers remain too afraid to return to their village and farms and they eke out an existence in the jungle.


The report provides an analysis of the Indonesian forces' attacks on Indigenous Papuan villages in the Kiwirok district, highlighting the urgent need for international attention and action.

West Papua, a region located in the western half of the island of New Guinea, and under Indonesian rule since 1969, has long suffered from serious human rights abuses, including extrajudicial killings, arbitrary arrests, torture, forced disappearances, restrictions on freedom of expression, and discrimination against Indigenous Papuans. This new report sheds light on the gravity and extent of violations in the Kiwirok district, recently affected by conflict and displacement, and measures them against international law.

Peter Prove, director for International Affairs at the World Council of Churches explained: The World Council of Churches has been monitoring the conflict in West Papua—and its humanitarian, human rights, and environmental impacts—for many years. But it remains a hidden crisis, largely forgotten by the international community—a situation that suits the Indonesian Government very well. This report helps shine a small but telling beam of light on one specific part of the conflict, but from which a larger picture can be extrapolated. Indonesia—which is currently campaigning for election to the UN Human Rights Council—must provide more access and transparency on the situation in the region, and the international community must respond appropriately to the increasing gravity of the crisis.”

Human Rights Monitor is calling on the international community, governments, and relevant stakeholders to immediately ensure humanitarian access for national and international humanitarian organisations and government agencies to the Kiwirok district. Humanitarian aid should be provided without involving security force members to ensure that internally displaced persons can access aid without fearing reprisals.

Among other calls, Human Rights Monitor is also urging allowing international observers and foreign journalists to access and work in West Papua.

Full report available for download on Human Rights Monitor's website.

HRM Report: An investigation of Indonesian Security Forces’ operations in Papua’s Kiwirok under international law

Photo gallery: West Papua