Christianity came to Uganda in the 19th century. Among the first converts, several were martyred by a king who opposed the new religion. The two largest churches, Catholic and Anglican, form the Joint Christian Council, together with the Ugandan Orthodox Church which is part of the Patriarchate of Alexandria. Among the Protestant and independent churches, Pentecostal churches and groups form a sizeable part. More than half of them belong to the Pentecostal Assemblies of God.
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The plight of people displaced by war was the main topic of a "Living Letters" visit to Uganda, 27 October to 2 November 2008.
An international ecumenical delegation sent by the WCC discussed with representatives of churches, state and civil society about the protection of refugees, with a specific focus on sexual violence and the vulnerability of children.