World Council of Churches

A worldwide fellowship of churches seeking unity, a common witness and Christian service

You are here: Home / Resources / Documents / WCC commissions and working groups / Faith and Order Commission - Studies

Documents of the WCC Commission on Faith and Order

Documents of the World Council of Churches Commission on Faith and Order

Please refer to the menu on the left-hand side to see more documents related to a specific study area.

Title Effective Date Document Type Description
Worship and background material for the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity 2015 15 April 2014 11:41 AM Liturgical text Jointly prepared and published by the Pontifical Council for Christian Unity and the Commission on Faith and Order of the World Council of Churches. The Week of Prayer for Christian Unity 2015 is rooted in the experience of the churches in Brazil.
2014 Worship and background material 31 May 2013 04:07 PM Liturgical text Brochure for the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity 2014 jointly prepared and published by the Pontifical Council for Christian Unity and the Commission on Faith and Order of the World Council of Churches.
The Church: Towards a Common Vision 06 March 2013 10:16 PM Study document What can we say together about the Church of the Triune God in order to grow in communion, to struggle together for justice and peace in the world, and to overcome together our past and present divisions? The Church: Towards a Common Vision a remarkable answer to this question. Produced by theologians from the widest range of Christian traditions and cultures, The Church addresses first the Church’s mission, unity, and its being in the Trinitarian life of God. It then addresses our growth in communion – in apostolic faith, sacramental life, and ministry – as churches called to live in and for the world.
2013 Worship and background material 24 April 2012 07:52 PM Liturgical text Annual brochure for the Week of prayer for Christian unity jointly prepared and published by the Pontifical Council for Christian Unity and the Commission on Faith and Order of the World Council of Churches.
One Baptism: Towards Mutual Recognition 25 June 2011 06:00 AM Study document One Baptism: Towards Mutual Recognition is an official study text of the Commission on Faith and Order. It is a further development and explication of the insights of Baptism, Eucharist and Ministry. It links questions of Christian initiation with ecclesiology, mutual recognition of baptism, and the basic bonds of Christian unity. The study text also deals with ongoing and more recent issues that prevent mutual recognition of baptism that impede the visible unity of the Church in one faith and in one eucharistic fellowship.
2012 Worship and background material 23 March 2011 11:40 PM Annual brochure for the Week of prayer for Christian unity jointly prepared and published by the Pontifical Council for Christian Unity and the Commission on Faith and Order of the World Council of Churches.
The Nature and Mission of the Church - Presentation by Rev. Dr Hermen Shastri 13 October 2009 01:23 AM L Consensus on ecclesiology is central to the future of theological ecumenism, says Rev. Dr Hermen Shastri in his contribution to the discussion on the future of the study "The Nature and Mission of the Church".
The Nature and Mission of the Church - Presentation by Rev. Dr Paul Collins 13 October 2009 01:23 AM L The development of a method which explores the inter-play between different ways of constructing doctrine could be used to seek a resolution of Church-dividing issues, proposes Rev. Dr Paul Collins in his contribution to the discussion on the future of the study "The Nature and Mission of the Church".
The Nature and Mission of the Church - Presentation by Rev. Prof. Viorel Ionita 13 October 2009 01:23 AM Study document The Porto Alegre statement «Called to be the One Church», with all the reactions from the churches to it, should be used to help Faith and Order Commission develop The Nature and Mission of the Church into a common statement, proposes the Very Rev. Prof. Dr Viorel Ionita in his contribution to the discussion on the future of the study "The Nature and Mission of the Church".
The Nature and Mission of the Church - Presentation by Metropolitan Geevarghese Coorilos 13 October 2009 01:23 AM L The NMC document is appreciated for its philosophical imagination, but it needs to be complimented with sociological and poetic imaginations where the text (the Word) takes on flesh and enters the realm of the pain and pathos that the poor and their earth endure, argues Metropolitan Geevarghese Coorilos.
The Nature and Mission of the Church - Presentation by Fr Jorge A. Scampini 13 October 2009 01:23 AM L Fr Jorge A. Scampini emphasizes that theological reflection on the church only becomes meaningful if it leads to a renew of church life, to a widened horizon of the church's mission, and to a contribution of all church activities to making the mystery of its Lord more visible in the eyes of the world.
Tradition and traditions - Rev. Dr Susan Durber 10 October 2009 09:16 PM L "The teachers and witnesses of the early Church: a common source of authority, variously received? Introduction and report from a co-moderator" is the title of this brief presentation on Tradition and traditions by the Rev. Susan Durber.
Tradition and traditions - Archimandrite Cyril Hovorun 10 October 2009 09:16 PM L "Teachers and Witnesses of the Church: space for ecumenical convergence" is the title of this brief presentation on Tradition and traditions by Archimandrite Dr Cyril Hovorun.
Called to be the One Church - Presentation by Prof. Maake Masango 09 October 2009 02:20 PM L Prof. Maake J. Masango addresses the main theme of the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting, Called to be the One Church, as a witness of the union of Presbyterian Churches in the context of apartheid.
Called to be the One Church - Presentation by Metropolitan Gennadios of Sassima 09 October 2009 02:20 PM
Called to be the One Church - Presentation by Sister Maria Ko Ha Fong 09 October 2009 02:19 PM L Sister Maria Ko Ha Fong addresses the main theme of the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting, Called to be the One Church, from an intercultural perspective.
Called to be the One Church - Presentation by Rev. Dr Marianela de la Paz Cot 09 October 2009 02:19 PM L Rev. Dr Marianela de la Paz Cot addresses the main theme of the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting, Called to be the One Church, from the perspective of a medical doctor and an Episcopal theologian from Cuba.
Called to be the One Church - Presentation by Dr Minna Hietamäki 09 October 2009 02:19 PM Lecture - Speech Dr Minna Hietamäki addresses the main theme of the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting, Called to be the One Church, from the perspective of a younger Lutheran theologian from Finland.
A view from the past 09 October 2009 02:04 AM L WCC president from Europe Dr Mary Tanner encourages participants at the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting to engage in what she affirms could be the beginning of a new phase in Faith and Order's history.
Report of the 2009 plenary commission meeting 09 October 2009 02:04 AM Report In the spirit of the 2006 WCC Assembly's statement on ecclesiology, «Called to be the One Church», the 120 members of the Commission on Faith and Order, along with 37 guests, consultants and younger theologians gathered on the island of Crete in Greece, 7-13 October 2009.
Moderator's report 09 October 2009 02:00 AM R Report by the Faith and Order Plenary Commission moderator Metropolitan Vasilios of Constantias-Ammochostos.
Director's report 09 October 2009 01:57 AM R Report of the WCC director of Faith and Order Canon Dr John Gibaut
What is Faith and Order? (Mary Tanner) 11 August 2009 06:00 AM B Tanner discusses Faith and Order as a movement, as a Commission, as an agenda, as a method, and as a commitment to the future.
Cambridge report on Tradition and traditions 06 September 2008 05:10 PM R Twenty four participants gathered at Westminster College in Cambridge to engage in the first of a series of consultations under the title of Tradition and traditions. The aim of the meeting was to build on the work begun by the WCC in the 1960s and, by paying particular attention to the teachers and witnesses of the early church, to explore further the possibility of discovering, re-discovering or re-receiving some particular sources of authority which might help us together on the way to the unity of the church.
2009 Worship and background material 01 January 2008 07:30 AM Liturgical text Jointly prepared and published by the Pontifical Council for Christian Unity and the Commission on Faith and Order of the World Council of Churches. The Week of Prayer for Christian Unity 2009 is rooted in the experience of the churches in Korea. In their context of national division the churches have turned for inspiration to the prophet Ezekiel, who also lived in a tragically divided nation and longed for the unity of his people.
Frequently asked questions about the date of Easter 31 January 2007 11:28 PM A In 2007 Christians from all traditions will celebrate Easter on the same day, April 8. But in many years major Christian traditions celebrate Easter on different dates, thus giving the impression of a divided witness to this fundamental aspect of the Christian faith. In recent years the desire to find a common date for the celebration of Easter, the Holy Pascha, the feast of Christ's resurrection, has become more and urgent. Initiatives by the Faith and Order Commission of the World Council of Churches have urged churches to address this issue. This page seeks to provide some answers to frequent questions asked about the date of Easter.
Called to be the One Church (The Porto Alegre Ecclesiology Text) 23 February 2006 10:16 PM Study document Called to be the One Church (The Porto Alegre Ecclesiology Text) This concise text (about 2,300 words) was adopted by WCC member churches at the Porto Alegre Assembly (February, 2006) as a basis for their renewed commitment to the search for visible unity. It invites the churches into a renewed conversation - mutually supportive, yet open and searching - about the quality of their fellowship and communion, and about the issues which still divide them. WCC member churches are asked to respond officially to the text by the next WCC Assembly; study groups and individuals are also invited to offer comments and reactions.
The Nature and Mission of the Church - A Stage on the Way to a Common Statement 15 December 2005 10:16 PM S This extended text (about 18,000 words) was published in December 2005 and is the latest result from Faith and Order's study on Ecclesiology. It seeks to express common convictions about the church, its nature and mission, and to identify the ecclesiological issues which continue to divide the churches today. The text has been sent officially to the churches for evaluation and response; study groups and individuals are also invited to offer comments and reactions. This text replaces the previous study document The Nature and Purpose of the Church (Faith and Order Paper no. 181, issued in 1998).
Celebrations of the Eucharist in Ecumenical Contexts - A Proposal 21 June 2005 09:22 PM S In this unofficial text a number of liturgists, theologians and pastors propose, on their own initiative and responsibility, guidelines for those engaged in planning eucharistic worship to be held in an ecumenical context. The text was produced by a working group at a consultation held by Faith and Order and the Ecumenical Institute, Bossey to reflect on the churches' 10 years experience in using the unofficial "Lima Liturgy".
Christian Perspectives on Theological Anthropology 01 January 2005 07:30 AM This text, resulting from the Faith and Order study on Theological Anthropology, explores contemporary challenges to the traditional understanding of humanity as "made in the image of God". It concludes with 10 Common Affirmations as a basis for the churches common reflection - and action - wherever human value and dignity is challenged.
Message to the churches 06 August 2004 09:31 PM Message Meeting of the Faith and Order Plenary Commission, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2004
Message from the Younger Theologians 06 August 2004 06:00 AM Message Meeting of the Faith and Order Plenary Commission, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2004
Inter-religious dialogue 05 August 2004 12:00 AM Lecture - Speech Presentation at the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting 2004, by Rev. Prof. S. Mark Heim, American Baptist Churches in the USA
Inter-religious dialogue 05 August 2004 12:00 AM Lecture - Speech Presentation at the Faith and Order Plenary 2004, by the Rev. Dr Jacob Kurien, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church
Presentation of Hermeneutics study 03 August 2004 12:00 AM Lecture - Speech At the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting 2004, by Dr Pablo Andiñach, Evangelical Methodist Church of Argentina
Presentation on Theological Anthropology Study 03 August 2004 12:00 AM Lecture - Speech At the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting, 28 July - 6 August 2004, by Rev. Dr William Tabbernee, Christian Church (Disciples of Christ) in the United States
Presentation on ethnicity nationalism & unity study 02 August 2004 12:00 AM Lecture - Speech At the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting 2004, by Dr Catrin Williams, Presbyterian Church in Wales
Sub-theme III: Ethnic identity, national identity & the search for the unity of the church 02 August 2004 12:00 AM Lecture - Speech Presented at the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting 2004, by Archbishop Dr Makarios of Kenya and Irinoupolis, Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria
Bible study: One body with many members 31 July 2004 11:46 AM Sermon Bible study on 1 Corinthians 12,12-14, at the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting 2004 by Prof. Kyung Sook LEE (Methodist Church), Korea
Presentation on Ecclesiology study 31 July 2004 12:00 AM Lecture - Speech At the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting 2004, by Bishop John Hind, Church of England
Sub-theme II: Ecclesiology 31 July 2004 12:00 AM Lecture - Speech Presented at the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting 2004, by the Rev. Prof. Dr Anne Marie Reijnen, United Protestant Church in Belgium
Presentation on Ecclesiology study 31 July 2004 12:00 AM Lecture - Speech At the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting 2004, by Metropolitan Prof. Dr Gennadios of Sassima, Ecumenical Patriarchate
Presentation on Baptism Study 30 July 2004 11:21 AM Lecture - Speech At the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting 2004, by the Rev. Neville CALLAM (Jamaica Baptist Union), Jamaica
Sub-theme I: Baptism 30 July 2004 12:00 AM Lecture - Speech Presented at the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting 2004, by Fr Jorge A. SCAMPINI, OP, Roman Catholic Church
Theme paper, biblical 29 July 2004 12:00 AM Lecture - Speech Presented at the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting, 2004, by the Rev. Dr Judith McKinlay, commission member, Presbyterian Church of Aotearoa New Zealand
Theme paper, theological 29 July 2004 12:00 AM Lecture - Speech Presented at the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting, 2004, by Fr Frans Bouwen, commission member, Roman Catholic Church
Director's report 28 July 2004 05:53 PM Report Rev. Dr Alan Falconer, former F&O director (Church of Scotland), Scotland
Moderator's report 28 July 2004 05:30 PM Lecture - Speech Report by moderator Rev. Dr David K. Yemba, (United Methodist Church), Zimbabwe, to the Faith and Order Commission
"Jésus nous accueille" 01 July 2004 12:00 AM Liturgical song - music A song inspired by the theme of the Kuala Lumpur meeting (Romans 15:7), composed by Christian Glardon, a Swiss Reformed pastor.
Religious Plurality and Christian Self-Understanding 01 January 2004 07:30 AM S This unofficial text is the result of a unique collaboration among WCC Interreligious Relations, Mission and Evangelism, and Faith and Order staff, and their respective commissions or advisory bodies. It seeks a new approach to the difficult and controversial issues related to Christian self-understanding in a religiously plural world. The text, which is provisional as it has not been submitted to or adopted by any official WCC body, is shared here as a document for discussion and debate.
Information release on the 7th International Consultation of United and Uniting Churches 23 September 2002 09:28 PM B This brief text gives general information on the united and uniting churches, their achievements and the special challenges which they face today, as well as background information on their 7th International Consultation.
Message from the 7th International Consultation of United and Uniting Churches, Driebergen, The Netherlands, 2002 19 September 2002 06:00 AM R This text is the report from the most recent international consultation of united and uniting churches. Focusing on issues of unity, mission and identity, this text brings the unique perspective and experience of these churches into dialogue with the wider ecumenical movement.
Praying and working toward the common date of Easter: Bringing us closer to the imperative of Christian unity 09 April 2001 07:28 PM A In early 2001, the WCC Public Information Team asked knowledgeable representatives of the Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Protestant traditions to give a brief outline of their thinking on a common date for Easter. Metropolitan Bishoy of Damiette of the Coptic Orthodox Church, Egypt, contributed from the viewpoint of the Oriental Orthodox tradition.
Celebrating together Redemption in Christ 09 April 2001 07:28 PM A In early 2001, the WCC Public Information Team asked knowledgeable representatives of the Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Protestant traditions to give a brief outline of their thinking on a common date for Easter. Monsignor John A. Radano of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity wrote about "Catholic hopes of a common date for Easter".
The gift of a common calendar - vital to mission and witness in secular society 09 April 2001 07:28 PM A In early 2001, the WCC Public Information Team asked knowledgeable representatives of the Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Protestant traditions to give a brief outline of their thinking on a common date for Easter. Metropolitan Ambrosius of Oulu tells of the experiences of an Orthodox minority church in a Protestant country; in Finland "Orthodox and Lutherans have been experiencing the power of the Resurrection at the common date of Easter ever since the early 1920s".
Celebrating Easter Together 09 April 2001 07:28 PM A In early 2001, the WCC Public Information Team asked knowledgeable representatives of the Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Protestant traditions to give a brief outline of their thinking on a common date for Easter. The series began with this article by the Rev. Dr Dagmar Heller, executive secretary for Mission and Ecumenical Relations in North Baden, Evangelical Church in Baden, Germany. As a WCC staff member with the "Faith and Order" team, she had been involved in organizing and accompanying the discussion process on a common date for Easter.
(Previous stage) The Nature and Purpose of the Church: A stage on the way to a common statement 01 November 1998 10:16 PM S This text, from the Faith and Order study on Ecclesiology, was issued as Faith and Order Paper no. 181 in 1998. Now superseded by The Nature and Mission of the Church, Faith and Order Paper no. 198, issued in 2005, it is included here to enable comparison of these two texts.
Orthodox liturgical renewal 01 June 1998 06:00 AM R
Faith and Order on women's ordination 01 June 1998 06:00 AM B
A Treasure in Earthen Vessels: An Instrument for an Ecumenical Reflection on Hermeneutics 01 January 1998 07:30 AM Study document This text (Faith and Order Paper No. 182) explores the complex but often creative field of hermeneutics - the interpretation of texts, symbols, and rites - and its role in the search for visible church unity. It invites us to reflect on how we approach and evaluate one another's language and symbols, as a contribution to mutual understanding among Christians and churches.
Towards a Common Date for Easter 10 March 1997 10:22 PM Study document In most years Protestant and Roman Catholic Christians celebrate Easter on one date, and Orthodox Christians on another (the year 2007, and again in 2011, will be an exception). This text, prepared by Faith and Order in collaboration with the Middle East Council of Churches, examines the reasons for this and offers a proposal for reckoning a common date of Easter.
Becoming a Christian: The Ecumenical Implications of Our Common Baptism 24 January 1997 10:21 PM R This is the report from the second consultation in Faith and Order's study programme on worship in relation to Christian unity. Mindful of the importance of the churches' "mutual recognition of baptism" as a basis of the ecumenical movement, the text explores the meaning and structure of the baptismal service, issues raised by the inculturation of baptism, and how baptism determines the nature and practice of Christian ethics.
Costly Unity 01 January 1997 10:21 AM R This text is the fruit of the joint study programme on Ecclesiology and Ethics conducted by Faith and Order and the WCC's Justice, Peace and Creation team. The results of meetings in Rønde, Denmark; Jerusalem, Israel; and Johannesburg, South Africa, they explore how the churches are called to be a community of ethical reflection - and engagement - in today's world.
Costly Commitment 01 January 1997 06:42 AM R This text is the fruit of the joint study programme on Ecclesiology and Ethics conducted by Faith and Order and the WCC's Justice, Peace and Creation team. The results of meetings in Rønde, Denmark; Jerusalem, Israel; and Johannesburg, South Africa, they explore how the churches are called to be a community of ethical reflection - and engagement - in today's world.
Costly Obedience 01 January 1997 06:42 AM R This text is the fruit of the joint study programme on Ecclesiology and Ethics conducted by Faith and Order and the WCC's Justice, Peace and Creation team. The results of meetings in Rønde, Denmark; Jerusalem, Israel; and Johannesburg, South Africa, they explore how the churches are called to be a community of ethical reflection - and engagement - in today's world.
Message from the Plenary Commission Meeting, Moshi, Tanzania, 1996 24 August 1996 09:31 PM M
Report from the Plenary Commision to the churches 24 August 1996 07:46 PM R
Towards Sharing the One Faith 01 January 1996 10:25 PM S Faith and Order's Apostolic Faith study explored the meaning of the Nicene Creed as a basis for the faith of Christians and the churches today. The present text is a study guide to the Nicene Creed and to the Apostolic Faith study itself.
What is Faith and Order? (Günther Gassmann) 11 August 1995 06:00 AM To explore his theme, the author combines a number of elements related to the history, purpose, methodology and content of the Faith and Order Movement and its organizational expression, the Faith and Order Commission of the World Council of Churches,
Rome and ecumenism 11 August 1995 06:00 AM B Rev. Fr Jean-Marie Tillard outlines with clarity and élan the history of, and the evolution of perspectives within, the Roman Catholic involvement in ecumenism.
F&O agenda and the African region 11 August 1995 06:00 AM Article - News item David K. Yemba, current moderator of the Faith and Order Commission and Dean of the Africa University in Mutare, Zimbabwe, discusses the content and reception of Faith and Order work in Africa, and the effect of African churches on the ecumenical movement in general.
F&O: a perspective from the Caribbean 11 August 1995 06:00 AM B Rev. Callam of the Jamaica Baptist Union presents the development of Faith and Order and assesses the appeal and reception of Faith and Order texts in the "two-thirds world".
Faith and Order yesterday, today and tomorrow 11 August 1995 06:00 AM B Metropolitan John (Zizioulas) of Pergamon sets out the context of Faith and Order and proposes some particular challenges emanating from his perspective as a modern Orthodox scholar of church history and theology.
Message from the 6th International Consultation of United and Uniting Churches, Ocho Rios, Jamaica, 1995 01 March 1995 10:28 PM R This text is the report from the penultimate international consultation of united and uniting churches.
So We Believe, So We Pray: Towards Koinonia in Worship (The Ditchingham Letter and Report) 15 August 1994 09:21 PM Report The "Letter to the Churches" and report from the first consultation (held at Ditchingham, England) in Faith and Order's current study programme on worship in relation to Christian unity. Drawing on the resources of the liturgical renewal movement, and produced together with leading liturgists, this text focuses on the common structure of Christian worship, on issues of inculturation in worship, and on how, through worship, churches are already expressing their unity in Christ.
Ditchingham report (Faith and Order) 01 August 1994 06:00 AM S
Message from the Fifth World Conference on Faith and Order, 1993 14 August 1993 12:50 PM M The Fifth World Conference on Faith and Order took place at Santiago de Compostela, Spain, 3 - 14 August 1993, with its theme "Towards Koinonia in Faith, Life and Witness". A comprehensive Report of the Conference will be published towards the end of this year. We now publish the Message and the four Section Reports together with the Discussion Paper prepared for the Conference. The Message and Reports are the most tangible results of the World Conference. However, they represent only one important part of this gathering which was marked by common worship and prayer, Bible study, a great number of papers, plenary discussions, a statement by the younger theologians and the many personal encounters between the participants (about 400 in different categories).
The Unity of the Church: Gift and Calling - The Canberra Statement 20 February 1991 10:16 PM S This text developed by Faith and Order is another of the "unity statements" adopted by WCC Assemblies over the years. It is one attempt to indicate the elements of "full communion" among churches.
Baptism, Eucharist and Ministry (Faith and Order Paper no. 111, the "Lima Text") 15 January 1982 10:16 PM S This famous text, adopted by Faith and Order at its plenary commission meeting in Lima, Peru in 1982, explores the growing agreement - and remaining differences - in fundamental areas of the churches' faith and life. The most widely-distributed and studied ecumenical document, BEM has been a basis for many "mutual recognition" agreements among churches and remains a reference today.
The eucharistic liturgy of Lima 01 January 1982 09:36 PM L The Lima Liturgy is a Eucharistic (Holy Communion) service expressing, in one possible liturgical form, the ecclesiological convergence on the eucharist reached in the Faith and Order text Baptism, Eucharist and Ministry (BEM). It is so named because it was first used at the Faith and Order Plenary Commission meeting in Lima, Peru in 1982 - the meeting which approved BEM for transmission to the churches for official response.
Church and World: The Unity of the Church and the Renewal of Human Community 01 January 1970 07:30 AM S This text (Faith and Order Paper no. 151), the result of Faith and Order's study on The Unity of the Church and the Renewal of Human Community, explores the relation between the church's unity and its mission and prophetic witness in the world.
Interrogating and Redefining Power - Consultation of Younger Theologians from the South 01 January 1970 07:30 AM R Taking place in Chiang Mai, Thailand, in February 2004, its purpose was to explore these theologians' distinct perspectives on power as people whose theology is shaped in contexts of intense struggles for life, justice and liberation.
Reflections on the international use of power by the United States government 01 January 1970 07:30 AM R This paper was prepared in response to the US DOV Committee's invitation to members of US churches to select one of the four themes of the Decade and to reflect on it.
A theological reflection on cruelty - the ugly face of violence 01 January 1970 07:30 AM B Exploring responses in faith to institutionally and structurally embedded cruelty was the purpose of the theological consultation on cruelty that took place in Puidoux, Switzerland during December 5-8, 2006. Organized by the WCC and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA), this gathering focused on cultures, traditions as well as social, economical and political structures that are themselves cruel, as well as creating an ethos that "enables" people to become cruel. Twelve case studies from different contexts and perspectives provided the basis for the debate. Some of these are about racism, casteism, patriarchy, xenophobia, terrorism and counter-terrorism, torture of prisoners, genocide, rape and sex trafficking, and occupation. Papers from this consultation will be published in 2008.
Nurturing Peace, Overcoming Violence: In the way of Christ for the sake of the World 01 January 1970 07:30 AM S This text is an invitation to a process of theological study and reflection on Peace, Justice and Reconciliation to be pursued during the Decade to Overcome Violence: Churches Seeking Peace and Reconciliation 2001-2010. It forms a basis for Faith and Order's theological reflection on peace and issues of violence.
Participating in God's Mission of Reconciliation - A Resource for Churches in Situations of Conflict 01 January 1970 07:30 AM S This text (Faith and Order Paper no. 201) results from the study on Ethnic Identity, National Identity, and the Search for the Unity of the Church done by Faith and Order with the collaboration of the WCC's Justice, Peace and Creation team. It offers resources for churches in situations of tension or conflict, especially where ethnic and national tensions are major factors, and suggests how Christian unity can further the churches' witness for reconciliation and justice.
Many ways to Christian unity? The Ninth Forum on Bilateral Dialogues, 2008 01 January 1970 07:30 AM S Bilateral dialogues are official talks between two Christian churches or families of churches (often known as Christian World Communions, CWCs). They aim at overcoming inherited divergences often related to doctrine and church order, so that the two partners in dialogue may move to declaring that they are in fellowship. The proliferation of bilateral dialogues as from the 1960s has led to the creation of the Forum on Bilateral Dialogues. The Forum provides space and time for CWCs engaged in bilateral dialogues to exchange information, consult together on emerging issues and trends and reflect on the coherence and integrity of the dialogues. The ninth such forum was held in Breklum, Germany, 10-15 March 2008.
International Dialogues in Dialogue: Context and Reception. Tenth Forum on Bilateral Dialogues, 2012 01 January 1970 07:30 AM R Meeting for the first time outside Europe, the tenth Forum on Bilateral Dialogues met in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in March 2012. Following the recommendations on the reception of ecumenical texts from the ninth forum, the meeting in Dar Es Salaam gave special attention to the reception of the achievements of the bilateral dialogues in the Global South. Its recommendations urge the international theological dialogues to be more intentional about questions of membership, methodology, and theological questions about Christian unity that emerge from the variety of contexts in the South.
Affirming human dignity, rights of peoples and the integrity of creation - Rwanda, 2004 01 January 1970 07:30 AM B As part of the WCC's work on the Decade , this theological consultation, organized by WCC Faith and Order in Kigali, Rwanda (4-9 December 2004), was an attempt to discern what human dignity, rights of peoples and the integrity of creation mean for churches and the ecumenical movement as they attempt to counter the reality of massive abuse and destruction of life and its legitimization in the world today. It was also an attempt to do theology informed by the perspectives and experiences of the victims of violence.
Realizing mutuality and interdependence in a world of diverse identities 01 January 1970 07:30 AM B A group of 20 theologians and peace activists from regions which have come to be known for violent conflict arising from the aggressive assertion of identities - Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Philippines, DR Congo, Nigeria, Middle East, Eastern Europe - participated in this consultation in June 2005. They attempted to identify the problems in, and prospects for, realizing mutuality and interdependence in contexts of diverse identities in an effort to challenge the churches to consider this as a contribution to the wider movement for peace during the Decade Overcome Violence.
Interrogating and Redefining Power - A theological consultation 01 January 1970 07:30 AM B If violence is an exercise of power over the powerless or a retaliation to such, what makes power prone to abuse? Why do people not only fear but also aspire for sources of violent power? Why do some religious traditions view violence as a divine attribute? How is power understood and exercised within our churches? What biblical and theological resources do we have to offer in the search for responsible new ways of understanding and exercising power? Interrogating and redefining power is crucial to our attempts to overcome violence.