Letter to the UN secretary-general on Millenium Devolpment Goals
Mr Ban Ki-moon
United Nations secretary-general
Geneva, 22 September 2010
Dear Mr Secretary General,
In keeping with our faith priority for the marginalised and vision of communities experiencing life in fullness and dignity, the World Council of Churches (WCC) is keenly following the ongoing United Nations (UN) high-level summit on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) taking place in New York from 20 to 22 September 2010.
We take this opportunity to commend the UN for its leadership in articulating, monitoring and promoting the MDGs as well as improving a space for nation-states to participate and contribute in the critical discourse on surmounting poverty. At the same time, we pray that the MDG Review Summit will produce an action plan that seriously tackles the root causes of poverty and inequality, leading to the attainment of the MDGs by 2015.
Outside of emerging economies, progress on reducing poverty has been sluggish. Any gains have been eroded by the recent global economic crisis which continues to pummel the economies of developed and developing nations alike. In its wake is pervasive unemployment, massive indebtedness, intensified hunger and homelessness and enfeebled fiscal capacities to tackle these challenges.
The crisis has exposed the failure of deregulated and liberalised financial and trade structures in meeting the MDGs and alleviating poverty. Moreover, global and systemic characteristics of this crisis have brought into sharper focus the pivotal function of MDG 8, aimed at fostering a global partnership for development, in attaining the rest of the MDGs. Without significant transformations in global economic frameworks the attainment of the MDGs by 2015 is endangered.
In today’s globalised world, efforts by nations to meet the MDGs are more and more contingent on an “enabling international economic environment”. The WCC believes that addressing the roots cause of poverty and the attainment of the MDGs necessitate significant and comprehensive changes in the international financial architecture and trade regime. These changes ought to enable an equitable distribution of productive resources – capital, technology, land, education, and healthcare – within and among nations in as much as studies by UN agencies have concluded that the lack of access to assets by poor people (especially poor women) and poor nations presents a fundamental obstacle to the elimination of poverty.
The MDG Review Summit must also place importance on the reformulation of multilateral, regional and bilateral trade and investment rules and agreements. This must be based on the commitment to: give primacy to peoples' right to food, water, education, healthcare, gainful employment and the other necessities of life. Supporting small producers, advancing the interests of weak and vulnerable nations and strengthening responsibility for creation is core to the WCC call for the MDG (cf. Statement on “Just Trade”, WCC central committee, September 2006).
In pursuit of just trade, churches have specifically called for international regulations to end agricultural import dumping which has displaced and impoverished millions of small farmers. Just trade also means addressing declining terms of trade faced by developing countries by establishing international commodity agreements setting stable base prices for products.
The development of intellectual property guidelines that promote public health and bolster the fight against HIV-AIDS and other diseases by ensuring people’s access to medicines, and that enable small producers to procure affordable seeds and technologies to foster ecologically-respectful agriculture and low-carbon industries is also crucial. During this MDG meeting and on an ongoing basis the WCC is engaging itself with promoting among the MDGs, a global strategy for women’s and children’s health.
Insofar as nation-states have the responsibility for upholding peoples’ economic, social and cultural rights, the MDG Review Summit must put in place binding mechanisms and accountability frameworks to ensure that commitments are met and the maximum of resources are made available for the MDGs.
Our hope is that the MDG Review Summit will seriously deliberate and facilitate justice-oriented reforms in the international financial and trade systems that are central to the achievement of the MDGs and the eradication of poverty.
Rev. Dr Olav Fykse Tveit
WCC general secretary